Walled kitchen gardens in the Vale of White Horse

  • Compton Beauchamp

    Compton Beauchamp

    Compton Beauchamp

  • Present garden

    Present garden

    Present garden

  • The well

    The well

    The well

  • 1st ed OS (published 1878)

    1st ed OS (published 1878)

    1st ed OS (published 1878)

Compton Beauchamp

Historical context
The house has its origins in the 14th century and was possibly erected around a courtyard within the moat. This was substantially altered in the late 16th century. Then the property passed to Edward Richards in 1694 who made various additions and alterations and who probably, at this time, developed the enclosed garden and terraces. 

Walled Kitchen Garden 
The garden of approx 1/3 acre, is situated 109 metres from the moated house. It is rectangular in shape, with walls on north, west and south, with north/south aspect. The 1st edn OS (1878) map shows the south wall extending eastwards as part of a much larger enclosure. Historically this was a productive garden with glasshouses both in and outside out the walls as well as a frameyard to the north. The walls are built partly of limestone rubble and partly English and Flemish Bond brickwork, with buttresses against the inner side of the west wall. 

Current use 
Currently the garden is ornamental with a modern swimming pool replacing the frameyard. A perimeter path follows the line of the original. The present garden is divided into sections by high yew hedges and features two rills and an ornamental rose garden. 

Special features 
Two wells: one against north wall; the second outside south east corner of walled kitchen garden. 

Designation status 
The walled kitchen garden lies within the Historic England Register of Historic Parks and Gardens at Grade [II]. Further information is available in the National Heritage List for England.

Degree of completeness

The garden walls are complete, however the planting, frameyard and glasshouses are no longer extant. 

Ownership and access 
Privately owned, not open to the public but the house is clearly visible through the entrance gates. 

Sources of information 
Royal Berkshire History 
Unpublished site survey undertaken by volunteers with Oxfordshire Gardens Trust, May 2013.  Map reproduced by permission of the National Library of Scotland - Maps

Name of district 
Vale of White Horse 

Grid reference 
SU 27907 86804