Historical context

Broughton Hall lies in the hamlet of Broughton Poggs which adjoins the village of Filkins, five kilometres south-west of Carterton. The former manor house, said to originate from the 16th century, was altered in the 17th and early 18th centuries, with further alterations and extensions circa 1800 and later. Now divided into separate residences.

Walled Kitchen Garden

The 1st edn OS (1878) map shows the house surrounded by a series of gardens, some probably formal and ornamental, others possibly orchards. Joining the south-west of the house was a rectangular kitchen garden with perimeter paths, of area 0.14 ha.

The 2nd edn OS (1899) map shows a glasshouse attached to the north-west inner wall. By the 3rd edn OS (1921) map, the glasshouse had been removed but two were placed in an adjoining rectangular garden to the north-west. Another glasshouse is shown attached to a building to the north.

Walls are squared and coursed limestone with stone copings, built circa 1800. The south-west wall continues to the north and south in rubble stone, this forming the north east side of Lady’s Walk. There are gateways with a segmental ashlar arch and keystone in both the south-east and the south-west walls of the kitchen garden. Built into the south-east wall at the south corner is a small square gazebo in two storeys built circa 1800. It is made of coursed rubble limestone with ashlar dressings and roughcast upper storey. Access to the ground level storage space is from the kitchen garden but the upper storey is accessed from outside the kitchen garden.

Current use

Ornamental domestic garden divided into quadrants by yew and box hedging. Limestone flagstones and grassed areas separate flower beds, a central sundial, and three small ponds.

Special features

Gazebo

Designation status

None for the garden itself but the gazebo and attached walls to the south west of the house and along Lady’s walk are Grade II listed. The house is also Grade II listed, and also a ha-ha that lies 50 metres to the south-east of the house.

Degree of completeness

Walls are generally intact but there is little evidence of the former kitchen garden.

Ownership and access

Privately owned. Occasionally open through the National Gardens Scheme.

Sources of information

Heritage Gateway

Unpublished site survey by volunteers with Oxfordshire Gardens Trust, March 2013

Map reproduced by permission of National Library of Scotland  – Maps

Name of district

West Oxfordshire

Grid reference

SP 423383 203744

Arrival 27th July 1921

The Botanic Gardens

Magdalen College

The bike ride from Woodstock to Oxford would have been along the same road as today but a much quieter road. The 1921 [Oxford and District special edition one inch map] shows the road  passing by Yarnton, over the Oxford Canal, through Peartree Hill, past Upper Wolvercote and down the Woodstock Road. As Loyal and Sam arrived in Oxford on the afternoon of the 27th July, it was possibly quite a leisurely ride.

The following day they manage to squeeze in visits to the Botanic Gardens, Magdalen College, a glimpse of Merton, lunch at the University Museum, a flash past Wadham, St John’s College, the Bodleian (Duke Humphrey’s), the Radcliffe Camera and All Souls College.

In the Botanic Gardens Loyal was able to identify a tree that he had been unable to at Blenheim – (possibly) the ‘Cypress’ planted by ex-Kaiser Wilhelm II.  The specimen he recognised at the Botanic Gardens was a Taxodium disticheum – the cypress that Loyal may have been familiar with from the swampy south eastern States of America.  The tree planted in 1840 was unfortunately severely damaged by a freak gust of wind and the top snapped off.  It had to be felled in 1995.  To celebrate the 400 anniversary of the gardens (2021) it has been decided to plant a Taxodium very close to the original spot where the first tree grew.

Just over the road at Magdalen College, Loyal was greatly impressed with the ‘most beautiful tower  . . .but the finest thing there is the meadow with the deer, the walk along the Cherwell and best of all Addison’s walk with the beautiful trees overhanging’