Historical context

The house was built between 1780 and 1983 for a local landowner, Edward Loveden, in Italianate country house style. In the 19th century it was turned into a ‘model agricultural estate’ and in 1889 purchased by the present encumbant’s great grandfather, who, in 1916, became the 1st Lord Faringdon. The house passed into the care of the National Trust in 1956 but remains the family home of the 3rd Lord Faringdon. Approached by a sweeping drive, the house enjoys views of the Thames, mature woodland walks, a small lake, and the Italianate water garden designed by Harold Peto.

Walled Kitchen Garden

The walled garden of 0.6 ha, now known as the Four Seasons Garden, planting design by Tim Rees, is situated 150 metres to the west of the house. It is an irregular octagonal shape and the ground falls from all the walls to the large central pond but with more dramatic drops on the west and east sides. The 1st edn OS (1876) map shows perimeter and cruciform paths, with trees, the pond and glasshouses along the north and south walls. To the north of the garden was a large frameyard with multiple glasshouses, frames, gardeners’ sheds, a boiler house and stables. Until the mid 19th century, the garden was completely encircled by outer brick walls, creating a wide slip of 30m and making the whole garden 2 ha. Trees were planted in all areas and in the north west corner was the gardener’s house, still in use today. Both the outer and inner walls are mostly of brick and built in the 18th century, allegedly made from the mud during the formation of the lake. There are four entrances to the garden, flanked by tall stones piers, corresponding to the points of the compass, each of which leads to an ‘eye-catcher’.

Current use

Currently the garden is ornamental, divided into grassed quadrants with a pleached hop hornbeam avenue running west to east and an arcade of pink and white Judas trees running north to south. Fruit trees are trained against the walls and although the glasshouses are no longer extant some remnants of a peach porch are attached to the north and west walls. The wide perimeter borders are planted with herbaceous plants and shrubs, interspersed with some vegetables “in recognition of the past use of the garden”. The large pond in the centre of the garden has a central water feature, possibly ‘Aquarius’, water lilies and fish. In the frameyard, one glasshouse has been renovated and houses a grapevine, planted in 1785, reputed to be a cutting from the famous Black Hamburg vine at Hampton Court. The ‘slips’ are grassed and planted with young fruit trees.

Special features

Pond 17th century, remnants of peach porch and buildings

Designation status

Buscot Park walled kitchen garden is included in the Historic England Register of Historic Parks and Gardens at Grade II*. The walls are listed by Historic England as being of special architectural and historic interest at Grade II. Further information is available at Historic England Register

Degree of completeness
The majority of the garden walls are complete. The planting and glasshouses within the walled garden are not longer extant. The frameyard retains one reconstructed glasshouse and gardener’s bothies but has been mostly redesigned into an ornamental garden.

Ownership and access

National Trust. Open to the public over the summer months.

Sources of information

www.buscot-park.com
Historic England
Unpublished site survey undertaken by volunteers with Oxfordshire Gardens Trust, June 2013

Name of district

Vale of White Horse

Grid reference

SU 24098 96759

Arrival 27th July 1921

The Botanic Gardens

Magdalen College

The bike ride from Woodstock to Oxford would have been along the same road as today but a much quieter road. The 1921 [Oxford and District special edition one inch map] shows the road  passing by Yarnton, over the Oxford Canal, through Peartree Hill, past Upper Wolvercote and down the Woodstock Road. As Loyal and Sam arrived in Oxford on the afternoon of the 27th July, it was possibly quite a leisurely ride.

The following day they manage to squeeze in visits to the Botanic Gardens, Magdalen College, a glimpse of Merton, lunch at the University Museum, a flash past Wadham, St John’s College, the Bodleian (Duke Humphrey’s), the Radcliffe Camera and All Souls College.

In the Botanic Gardens Loyal was able to identify a tree that he had been unable to at Blenheim – (possibly) the ‘Cypress’ planted by ex-Kaiser Wilhelm II.  The specimen he recognised at the Botanic Gardens was a Taxodium disticheum – the cypress that Loyal may have been familiar with from the swampy south eastern States of America.  The tree planted in 1840 was unfortunately severely damaged by a freak gust of wind and the top snapped off.  It had to be felled in 1995.  To celebrate the 400 anniversary of the gardens (2021) it has been decided to plant a Taxodium very close to the original spot where the first tree grew.

Just over the road at Magdalen College, Loyal was greatly impressed with the ‘most beautiful tower  . . .but the finest thing there is the meadow with the deer, the walk along the Cherwell and best of all Addison’s walk with the beautiful trees overhanging’