The Vale extends from Abingdon in the East to Shrivenham in the West. The other principal towns are Wantage and Faringdon. Numerous smaller settlements are located along the spring line of the chalk hills. The downs are included within the North Wessex Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
The sites listed below are included in the Historic England's Register of Historic Parks and Gardens and are linked directly to the site (if available) and also to the Register and Parks & Gardens UK.